Archive for the ‘Almas Khan Lodhi’ Category
Almas Khan Lodhi is a PHD .whose creative work focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of Pakistani Youth and their often unconventional choices in life.Due to her interest in literature, she was awarded a variety of prizes in essay and creative-writing.She is a well known writer, linguist and scholar of Literature and Woman’s Studies in Pakistan. Almas Khan Lodhi is currently the lecturer in Punjab College Of Science Lahore. Almas Khan Lodhi has to her credit more than Seven books and thirty research articles, columns, editorial pieces, poems and other articles published during the last five years.
Dr. Annemarie Schimmel and Islam
A leading German Islamicist, orientalist, scholar, literary figure, prolific writer and an authoress of more than hundred books who was well-known throughout the Islamic and the western world for her extra-ordinary talents, mystical and innovative writings and translations of Persian, Urdu, Arabic, Turkish and Sindhi works into English and German .She died on January 28, 2003.She is widely known as an authority on Sufism.
She was born in Erfurt, Germany in 1922. She learned Arabic language and developed keen interest in Islam when she was only 15. She received her PhD in Islamic studies from the Berlin University at the age of 19 and continued her studies at the University of Berlin and in Marburg, where she became a professor for comparative religious studies. Annemarie Schimmel was until recently Professor Indo-Muslim studies at Harvard University. During her academic career, she lectured in Ankara, Bonn, Harvard, New York, London and several universities all over the world. She remained single for a long span of 82 years.
Dr. Annemarie Schimmel, to be remembered by so many people as the scholar-hermit, wrote enthusiastically on Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Rehman Baba, and other sufi poets of Pakistan. Her writings on Mansur Hallaj, Ghalib, Persian and Poetry from various angles, Calligraphy and Epigraphy, Numerology, Turkey, German Orientalists, translated part of Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddima into German and other countless works gave her an outstanding status throughout the literary world. Through her research and variety of literary pursuits, Dr. Schimmel made an unparalleled contribution to acquaint the German people with Islam and Islamic mysticism. She successfully bridged the gap between both the countries by developing mutual understanding.
She received countless academic distinctions and honors. She got at least 26 awards and at least five honorary degrees/doctorates from so many countries and various universities of the world. For instance, when she was distinguished by the president of the Republic of Usbekistan Islam Karimov with one of the highest honors of the republic – the “Dustlik Freundschaftsorden”, she was proclaimed to have earned her services in the research and clearing-up propaganda rich of the cultural-mental inheritance and the history of the usbekischen people as well as for an important contribution for the development of co-operation between Usbekistan and Germany. The most prestigious award that she gained in recognition of her work and lifelong achievements was the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade that is given to writers of fictional or non-fictional work in Germany. When millions of Muslims were debating and protesting against Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses published in 1989 and thought that it was a highly offensive slur on the religion of Islam, the talented historian and polylingualist Professor, Dr. Annemarie Schimmel entered the debate. She was adamant that Muslims (not just a few, but the entire body of Islam and its beloved Prophet, in particular) had been the victims of a carefully devised piece of literature. Thus Professor Schimmel effectively took on the establishment and asserted that The Satanic Verses was also one of those profane and maleficent attempts.
She got the “Hilal-i-Imtiaz” of Pakistan in 1983, had a Sitara-i-Imtiaz later on and was also awarded International Presidential Iqbal Award by Pakistan in 1998. In recognition of her lifelong achievements and commemoration of her great contribution to culture and poetry in Pakistan, the Government established the Annemarie Schimmel Scholarship that has been established to enable young Pakistani women to pursue their studies in U. K. Annemarie Schimmel, Professor of Indo-Muslim culture, was a powerful exponent of Islamâs rich heritage and its promise for the future. Her contributions to the history of Islamic culture, mysticism and literature and promoting these fields as subject areas of scholarly study in the Western academic circles are varied, vast and innumerable. She was, indeed, a great pillar of Islamic and Mystic Scholarship whose memories will be cherished for a very, very long time to come by the literary, cultural and religious circles throughout the world and especially by Pakistan which undoubtedly used to be her second home.
Dr. Annemarie was a profound scholar and a prolific writer. Her publications are numerous and in various languages. The remarkable breadth of her linguistic expertise included English, German, French, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Turkish and many other languages, while the span of her academic interests encompassed a variety of subjects ranging from Islamic Calligraphy to the study of Muslim mystical poets of the South-Asian Subcontinent. Her main interest, and one can say her heart, lied, however, in the translation into German verse of Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Urdu poetry, a pursuit that had won for her the different international medals for outstanding translations.
Her interest in Iqbal studies dated back to her student days. To quote her, “my long lasting love of Iqbal (which began when I was a student in Berlin during the war) has led me to publish a number of works which are more or less relevant for a study of his contribution to Muslim thought…… . In many articles I have tried to show Iqbal in the context of Islamic modernism, or deal with his imagery”. Ever since the appearance of her first article on Iqbal (1954) she had been writing on Iqbal in various languages and on different aspects of his thought and art. But her book Gabriel’s Wing– A Study into the Religious Ideas of Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1963, rpt. 1989) is still the finest specimen of her erudition and insight in Iqbal studies and Islamic thought in general. This is testified by the fact that from among a large number of books written in the major languages of the world, Gabriel’s Wing was declared as the best work on Iqbal studies, in the international languages, for the period 1947-1981. Apart from these works she was the author of hundreds of articles and dozens of books on Iqbal and Islam. She also funded the Annemarie Schimmel scholarship for Women Studies in Pakistan. The Government of Pakistan decorated her with the highest of civil awards, “Tamgha i Imtiyaz”.
This doyen of Iqbal Studies and the internationally renowned scholar of Islamic civilization, Professor Doctor Annemarie Schimmel met with a serious accident recently. After a major surgery, she went into a coma and, after several days of illness, left this world for the abode of eternity this morning.
Her some of famous books are
1. Islam: an introduction
2.Gabriel’s wing: a study into the religious ideas of Sir Muhammad Iqbal
3.Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society: Volumes 7-8
6.Bibliography of the works of the Scholar-Hermit Prof. Dr. Muḥammad Ikrām Cug̲ẖtai…
7.Islamic calligraphy – Page vii
8.Islam in the Indian subcontinent: Volume 4, Issue 3
9. The mystery of numbers
10. Deciphering the signs of God: a phenomenological approach to Islam
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